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Medicine pioneers: Albert Schweitzer 01: General Chronology
Albert Schweitzer = one of the first "medical doctors without borders"

Chronology - Birth Jan. 14, 1875 - 1876 The Schweitzer family moved from Kaysersberg to Günsbach - Study of Jesus Fantasy Theology - 1905: Book about Johann Sebastian Bach - 1905-1913 Schweitzer studied medicine -- 1912: Marriage with Helene Bresslau (1879-1957) - 1913 Schweitzer founds a hospital in Gabon on the river Ogooué (Ogowe) in the jungle in Andende (first establishment of 4) - a lot of work, a lot of work [web01] - Albert Schweitzer receives large donations [web01] Wikipedia : "Since it was founded in 1913, the hospital has been rebuilt four times (1913 and 1924 in Andende, 1927 and 1981 in Lambarene) in order to adapt it to the needs of patients and medical advances." [web01] - from September 1914: WWI: the Schweitzer couple under house arrest - 1917 to July 1918 WWI: Schweitzer and his wife Helene are arrested and interned in France - October 1918 approx. Return to Alsace - French passport - again vicar in the Jesus Fantasy Church St. Nikolai in Strasbourg - 1919 birth of a daughter Rhena Schweitzer-Miller (died 2009) [web01] -- since 1920: lectures in Sweden about his "ethics and awe of life" -- Schweizer publishes his autobiography "Zwischen Wasser und Urwald (On the Edge of the Primeval Forest)" in 1920 -- 1925-1926 Gabon: Famine + people suffering from the dysentery - 1927 Gabon: Albert Schweitzer rebuilds his hospital in Lambarene (third establishment from 4th ) - from 1945: Schweitzer appeals again and again against nuclear armament - 1953 Schweitzer receives the Nobel Peace Prize for the year 1952 -- 1961: The autarky of Albert Schweitzer's hospital - the hospital village with independent agriculture - the first hospital becomes a leprosy station + animal hospital - 1964 Documentary "Albert Schweitzer" shows the hospital in Gabon with generator and electrical operating theater light - 1964 Gabon: Schweitzer transfers the hospital management to Walter Munz - Sep.4, 1965: death of Albert Schweitzer in Gabon, Africa, in Lambarene - long funeral services - 1967 Günsbach (Gunsbach) near Colmar: Founding of the Albert Schweitzer Archive + Museum - The hospital in Gabon since Albert Schweitzer's death from 1971 Gabon: Walter Munz hands over the hospital management and works for a long time on the board of trustees of the hospital [web01] 1974 The Albert Schweitzer hospital is transferred to its own foundation - 1981 Gabon: Rebuilding of the Albert Schweitzer hospital in Lambarene (fourth foundation of 4) - 1991 Gabon: Hospital Village in Lambarene - 2005: André Audoynaud's false criticism of Albert Schweitzer at the "Lambarene" hospital in Gabon - 2009: Nils Ole Oermann with a biography of Albert Schweitzer - Sebastian Moll examines the autobiography of Albert Schweitzer - 2015 Gabon: Lambarene hospital gets a new maternity ward - Swiss Aid Association for the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambarene - Albert Schweitzer House in Günsbach gunsbach@schweitzer.org - Books - Contact address - Visit the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambarene (Gabon): Just fly there in a group

by Michael Palomino (2020)

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Literature: Books of Albert Schweitzer concerning medicine in the African rain forest

Medical reports from Africa:
1) On the edge of the primeval forest (orig. German: Zwischen Wasser und Urwald (Edition Haupt, Berne 1921 - Spanish: Entre el agua y la selva virgen)
2) Letters from Lambarene 1924-1927 (orig. German: Briefe aus Lambarene 1924-1927)
3) Out of My Life & Thought (orig. German: Aus meinem Leben und Denken 1931 - Spanish: Mi vida y pensamientos)

— (1922). Zwischen Wasser und Urwald [On the Edge of the Primeval Forest]. Translated by Campion, C. T. London: A. & C. Black.

-- Briefe aus Lambarene (Letters from Lambarene)

— (1931). Aus Meinem Leben und Denken. Leipzig: Felix Meiner Verlag. translated as — (1933). Out of My Life and Thought: An Autobiography. Henry Holt and Company.;

Afrikanische Geschichten (Felix Meiner, Leipzig u. Hamburg 1938): tr. Mrs C. E. B. Russell as From My African Notebook (George Allen and Unwin, London 1938/Henry Holt, New York 1939). Modern edition with Foreword by L. Forrow (Syracuse University Press, 2002).

Data about Albert Schweitzer: Biography
Video: Albert Schweitzer: My Life is My Argument (45'30'')

Video: Dr. Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) Theologian, Organist Physician Humanitarian (51'19'')

Data from his life (German - pdf): https://nfp-md.de/schulmaterial/Albert_Schweitzer_Schulmaterial.pdf

Data about the hospital Lambarene (Gabon)
Video: Lambarene, Gabon - Albert Schweizer Hospital (5'2'')

Web sites:
German: https://albert-schweitzer-heute.de/buch-der-arzt-albert-schweitzer/

Videos about Lambarene Hospital in 21th century

Book about tropical medicine
The medical doctor Albert Schweitzer: world wide network for tropical medicine between the fronts, healings and ethics
(orig. German: Der Arzt Albert Schweitzer: Weltweit vernetzte Tropenmedizin zwischen Forschen, Heilen und Ethik
(Medizin Und Kulturwissenschaft) (German Edition) (Deutsch) von Isgard Ohls (Author)
Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Arzt-Albert-Schweitzer-Tropenmedizin-Kulturwissenschaft/dp/3847104918


Albert Schweitzer Institute in Hamden, Connecticut ("USA" east coast line near New York)

Albert Schweitzer and relations to Communist Germany GDR:
Video (German): Albert Schweitzer Dokumentation aus der Zeit der DDR (5'40'')

Videos in English: Albert Schweitzer Life

Books by Albert Schweitzer

-- Albert Schweitzer: Afrikanische Geschichten --- mit acht Bildern und einer Karte des Ogowe... (Deutsch) Gebundene Ausgabe – 1. Januar 1938 - Amazon-Link
-- Albert Schweitzer: Friede oder Atomkrieg. Beck-Verlag München 1958

Other languages
-- Albert Schweitzer: Les grand penseurs de l'Inde


Ludwig Philipp Albert Schweitzer

Birth Jan.14, 1875
-- in Kaysersberg near Colmar, at that time this locatino is part of the Second German Empire, he is a son of an evangelical Jesus-Fantasy priest (Ludwig Schweitzer, Louis Schweitzer) and of a pastor's daughter (Adele Schillinger, daughter of a pastor in Mühlbach) [web01]

The Schweitzer family moves from Kaysersberg to Günsbach
-- Growing up with German (Alsatian), Standard German (school language) and French [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer grows up as a teenager with Theodor Heuss [web01].

Finishing grammar school in Mülhouse (Mulhouse)
+ occasional organ lessons in Paris with Charles-Marie Widor [web01]

Studying in Strasbourg
-- Jesus Fantasy Theology
-- philosophy
-- Schweitzer is a member of the "Wilhelmitana Strasbourg" student association (founded in 1855) [web01]

Studying in Paris
-- classical music with organ (with Charles-Marie Widor)
-- classical music with piano (with Marie Jaëll) [web01]

Jesus Fantasy Theological Exam

+ short study visit at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin [web01]

Schweitzer becomes teaching vicar at the Jesus-Fantasy-Church St. Nikolai [web01]

from November 1898
Second Jesus Fantasy Theological Exam
After passing the exam, Schweitzer becomes an ordained vicar at the Church of St. Nikolai [web01]
"Some of his sermons and sermon drafts there have been preserved by his friends Annie Fischer, widow of the Strasbourg professor of surgery, Fritz Fischer, and sister of Hugo Stinnes. [4] His theology was echoed by Fritz Buri, among others." [web01]
(original German:
"Ein Teil seiner dortigen Predigten und Predigtentwürfe ist erhalten durch die Hand der mit ihm befreundeten Annie Fischer, Witwe des Straßburger Professors der Chirurgie, Fritz Fischer, und Schwester von Hugo Stinnes.[4] Seine Theologie fand unter anderem bei Fritz Buri Nachhall." [web01]

Strasbourg: Dissertation and Dr. phil. title with Jesus Fantasy Philosophy
Title of the dissertation: "Kant's philosophy of religion from the criticism of pure reason to religion within the limits of pure reason" [web01]
(original German: Titel: "Die Religionsphilosophie Kants von der Kritik der reinen Vernunft bis zur Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft" [web01])

     "In this work he refutes [...] contemporary attempts to illuminate the life of Jesus from a psychiatric point of view." [web01]

[And Mr. Schweitzer is wasting his time on and on with a Fantasy Jesus]:

Strasbourg: Dissertation on Lic.theol. about the Fantasy Jesus
Title 1: "Critical presentation of different, more recent historical conceptions of the Lord's Supper (first edition 1906) [web01]
(original German: "Kritische Darstellung unterschiedlicher neuerer historischer Abendmahlsauffassungen") [web01]

Title 2: "History of the life of Jesus research" (Tübingen 1913) [web01]
(original German: "Geschichte der Leben-Jesu-Forschung" (Tübingen 1913) [web01]

Strasbourg: Habilitation in Jesus-Fantasy-Evangelical Theology
with the script: "The secret of messiahship and suffering" (orig. german: "Das Messianitäts- und Leidensgeheimnis"). This made Schweitzer a "Lecturer for [Jesus Fantasy] Theology" at the University of Strasbourg [web01].

Schweitzer writes a book about Johann Sebastian Bach ("Johann Sébastien Bach")

Schweitzer wants to become a Jesus Fantasy Missionary
-- is rejected by the Parisian Jesus Fantasy Mission Society because of liberal theological views [web01]

[Now Mr. Schweitzer is busy at least also with another topic]:

Schweitzer is studying medicine
-- so he is a lecturer at Strassbourg University and a student of medicine together, this needs a special government permit [web01]
-- Schweitzer always has the ulterior motive to become a Jesus fantasy "missionary doctor" in the French colonial area of Africa [web01]

Schweitzer publishes a Bach monograph

Albert Schweitzer as a pastor is proceeding the marriage of Theodor Heuss in Strasbourg [web01, web02]

Albert Schweitzer gets the medical diploma

Schweitzer becomes professor for Jesus Fantasy Theology
because of "commendable scientific achievements" (orig. German: wegen "anerkennenswerten wissenschaftlichen Leistungen") [web01]

Marriage with Helene Bresslau (1879-1957), daughter of a Jewish historian Harry Bresslau and wife Caroline, born Isay [web01].

[1912-1913: Albert Schweitzer is studying tropical medicine for the illnesses in the jungle].

Medical doctoral thesis by Albert Schweitzer - again with a Jesus fantasy
Title: "The psychiatric assessment of Jesus: representation and criticism" (orig. German: "Die psychiatrische Beurteilung Jesu: Darstellung und Kritik") [web01]
"In this work, analogous to his theological dissertation, he refutes contemporary attempts to illuminate the life of Jesus from a psychiatric point of view." [web01]

(original German:
" In dieser Arbeit widerlegt er, analog seiner theologischen Dissertation, zeitgenössische Versuche, das Leben Jesu aus psychiatrischer Sicht zu beleuchten." [web01])

-- Schweitzer is 38 years old
-- Schweitzer has a doctorate in three "different subjects", is a qualified professor + professor [web01]

Missionary Jesus fantasy activity for a Fantasy Jesus and for the "classical music"
-- Schweitzer publishes theological writings [web01]
-- Schweitzer publishes philosophical writings [web01]
-- Schweitzer publishes works on music, especially about Johann Sebastian Bach [web01]
-- Schweitzer publishes autobiographical writings [web01]

from 1913 on
Gabon (French: Equatorial Africa, colonial area): Foundation of a hospital in Lambarene

Schweitzer founds a hospital in Gabon on the Ogooué (Ogowe) river in the rain forest at Andende (first foundation of 4)
-- a lot of work a lot of work [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer receives large donations [web01]

Wikipedia says (translation):
"Since it was founded in 1913, the hospital has been rebuilt four times (1913 and 1924 in Andende, 1927 and 1981 in Lambarene) in order to adapt it to patient needs and medical advances." [web01]

(orig. German:
"Seit seiner Gründung im Jahre 1913 wurde das Spital viermal (1913 und 1924 in Andende, 1927 und 1981 in Lambarene) neu aufgebaut, um es den Bedürfnissen der Patienten und dem medizinischen Fortschritt anzupassen.") [web01]

Now, Mr. Albert Schweitzer is
-- Doctor, philosopher, Protestant pastor, organist, musicologist [for classical music] [web01]
-- jungle doctor [web01]

from September 1914:
WW1: The Schweitzer couple under house arrest
Schweitzer and his wife Helene are placed under house arrest by the French army because of their German citizenship [web01]
always a lot of work until exhaustion, Schweitzer suffers from "a kind of tropical anemia" [web01]

[The patients and the black population are protesting against the black soldiers and Schweitzer is allowed to heal again. All Africa is collapsing because  of the block of borderlines and also Schweitzer is in depts].

1917 to July 1918
WW1: Schweitzer and his wife Helene are arrested and interned in France
-- Albert + Helene [including child] are kidnapped to France and interned (in Bordeaux, in Garaison, in St. Rémy de Provence) [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer works out an ethic, being presented in the book: "Reverence for life" [web01]
-- Statement among others: "I am life that wants to live, in the midst of life that wants to live." [web01]
(original German: "Ich bin Leben, das leben will, inmitten von Leben, das leben will.")

October 1918 approx.
Return to Alsace - French passport - again vicar in the Jesus Fantasy Church of St. Nikolai in Strasbourg
-- The Schweitzer couple [pregnant] were allowed to live in Strasbourg again from around October 1918
-- On December 6, 1918, Alsace became French territory
-- Schweitzer becomes a Frenchman, but likes to describe himself as an "Alsatian" and a "citizen of the world"
-- Schweitzer is again Jesus Fantasy Vicar at the Jesus Fantasy Church St. Nikolai in Strasbourg
-- Schweitzer becomes an assistant doctor at a hospital in Strasbourg [web01].

Birth of a daughter Rhena Schweitzer-Miller (died 2009)

from 1920
Lectures in Sweden on its "Ethics and Reverence for Life" (German: "Ethik und Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben")
mediated by the Swedish Jesus Fantasy Bishop Nathan Söderblom [web01].

-- Albert Schweitzer gives organ concerts, with the income he pays off debts [which arose because of the WWI in Gabon] and he saves money for his return to Africa, he plans to expand his jungle hospital [web01].

-- In 1920, Mr. Schweitzer published his autobiography "On the Edge of the Primeval Forest" (German: "Zwischen Wasser und Urwald"), now Albert Schweitzer is "known" [web01]

[-- with many medical details
-- with many details about the destructive colonialism, about diseases from other continents that were introduced (ants, worms, sleeping sickness, alcohol), about the arrogance of the whites and the reaction of the blacks against the whites, which cause a reduction of the African population partly of up to 75% because no one comes to cure the diseases that the whites have brought in or have spread]

Gabon: Albert Schweitzer returns to Africa and rebuilds his hospital in Andende (second foundation of 4)
to adapt it to the needs and medical development [web01]

Gabon: Famine + Bendjabis (Bendjabis come from the interior - and dysentery is coming)
-- Gabon is experiencing a great famine because all strong men only work in lumber yards and the government does not give price guarantees for agricultural products
-- Albert Schweitzer's hospital is getting much too small because of the many dysentery patients, and the eternal white rice makes the patients even weaker
-- The young men from the interior of the country (Bendjabis), who work in the lumber yards and then get sick, spread the dysentery in the hospital and they also have a high crime rate, partly AGAINST the hospital staff (they steal everything) and also against fellow patients (stealing their food)
-- from 1925 to 1926, the hospital of Albert Schweitzer suffers concentration camp-like conditions until the search result comes that dysentery is partly cholera - and until the decision is made to buy a large area in order to build a large hospital 3km up the river so also an own farm can be run and famine never will repeat]

Gabon: Albert Schweitzer rebuilds his hospital in Lambarene (third establishment of 4)
to adapt it to the needs and medical development [web01]
[3km up the river, with land purchase and major clearing activity - this territory had been offered in 1913 already but Albert Schweitzer had rejected it]

Frankfurt am Main: Speech on the 100th anniversary of Goethe's death
-- Schweitzer warns against National Socialism [web01]

from 1933
Albert Schweitzer rejecting Goebbels
Schweitzer stays in Gabon in the Lambarene Primeval Forest Hospital and politely refuses Goebbels' requests to accept the Nazi ideology "with a Central African greeting" [web01].

[1939-1945: World War II in Europe]

from 1945 on
Schweitzer is continuously honored in public

from 1945 on: Schweitzer appeals again and again against nuclear armament [web01]

Gabon: Journalist John Gunther visits Lambarene Hospital
[This journalist has NOT studied medicine and knows NOTHING about the illnesses or the criminality of some black people against Schweitzer - he criticizes the following]:
-- Mr. Gunther criticizes Schweitzer's paternalistic attitude towards Africans [web01]
-- Africans have no chance to be used as "specialists" [web01]
-- Nurses still come from Europe [web01]

 from: John Gunther: Inside Africa. Harper, New York 1955.

[John Gunther was a famous German-"American" journalist in the "USA" (link) but in the cas of Albert Schweitzer he does not see the following:
-- Albert Schweitzer has installed a hospital, but at the same time he couldn't set up an institute for the training of nurses and doctors
-- many blacks are stealing things of Albert Schweitzer, Albert Schweitzer is cheated by many blacks, or the hospital is also misused as a cemetery and very ill people are simply dropped off anonymously at night, etc. John Gunther did not understand anything that has actually been going on in Albert Schweitzer's hospital since 1913].

Schweitzer receives the Nobel Peace Prize for 1952

Albert Schweitzer as "positive energy": societies, churches, schools, children's villages
-- Albert Schweitzer societies are founded all over the world, all of which are members of the central Albert Schweitzer society AISL [web01]
-- Jesus fantasy churches, schools and children's villages are also named after him [web01].

Quote MoSSad-Wikipedia (translation):
"At the end of the Second World War, villages emerged in Switzerland, Austria and Germany to take in orphaned, abandoned children and young people. In 1957, Margarete Gutöhrlein founded the first Albert Schweitzer Children's Village in Waldenburg (Baden-Württemberg). Family parents took care of the children; Albert Schweitzer personally took over the sponsorship. Starting from the first children's village, many Albert Schweitzer children's villages developed in Germany. " [web01]

(original German:
"Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges entstanden in der Schweiz, Österreich und Deutschland Dörfer, die verwaiste, verlassene Kinder und Jugendliche aufnehmen. 1957 folgte in Waldenburg (Baden-Württemberg) die Gründung des ersten Albert-Schweitzer-Kinderdorfs durch Margarete Gutöhrlein. Elternpaare übernahmen die Betreuung; Albert Schweitzer übernahm persönlich die Patenschaft. Ausgehend von dem ersten Kinderdorf entwickelten sich viele Albert-Schweitzer-Kinderdörfer in Deutschland.") [web01]

Schweitzer accepts the Nobel Peace Prize
In his acceptance speech he says:
-- Schweitzer appeals against any war because of "inhumanity", while Schweitzer quotes Erasmus von Rotterdam: "War makes us guilty of inhumanity." [web01]
-- Schweitzer thinks that the "humanization of war" with the Geneva Convention of 1864 led people to think that war was now "humane" and that people "did not take seiously the First World War as they should have done it"(quote from Wikipedia) [web01]
-- at the same time, Schweitzer calls the Africans his "younger brothers", according to the writer Chinua Achebe [web01]

aus: Chinua Achebe: An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. In: The Massachusetts Review. 1977.

from 1954
Criticism of Albert Schweitzer against the Nobel Peace Prize
-- certain people try to discredit Schweitzer and to defame him [web01]
-- Theodor Heuss (childhood friend of Albert Schweitzer) complains against Albert Schweitzer that he does not agree with Albert Schweitzer's correspondence with Walter Ulbricht [GDR] and with Schweitzer's contacts to the German Peace Union (DFU) [web01]

[Supplement: Did Schweitzer know about the Rhine meadow camps?
Apparently Albert Schweitzer, as a doctor with connections to Alsace and Germany, knew what the criminal "Americans" and French had committed with the Rhine meadow camps in the Rhineland from 1945-1946 (killing millions of German soldiers just by joke), and he knew that the Russians often were NOT like that, may be that's why the contacts of Schweitzer to the GDR were probably no problem for Schweitzer].

Gabon: Control of Albert Schweitzer's hospital - Article by John Gunther "Inside Africa" ​​(1955)
-- Publicist John Gunther publishes his article "Inside Africa", Harper, New York 1955
-- and its descriptions are printed all over the world, e.g. im German Mirror (Spiegel) from July 3rd, 1957
-- overall, John Gunther expresses a superficial criticism against Albert Schweitzer, WITHOUT ever having studied medicine, so it's all defamation nothing more

Information from John Gunther:
-- Nurses still come from Europe, although Schweitzer has been working there for decades [web01]
   [-- Albert Schweitzer did not have the means or the people to set up a training institute in Gabon, and the Gabon government never wanted to]

-- Edmund Duboze rejects the criticism (General Inspector of the Military Medical Service of Gabon) [web01]
-- Hospital employee Mr. Siegwart-Horst Günther says the criticism is superficial, subjective and hateful [web01]

[John Gunther is a medical knowing nothing. He has no idea about medicine or managing an independent hospital village. On Wikipedia there are NO studies listed referring to medicine or managing of trade - link].

April 23, 1957
Albert Schweitzer: "Appeal to humanity" against nuclear weapons and for the peace movement

August 17, 1960
Independence from Gabon
-- Schweitzer says, "the country is not yet ready" for independence [web01]
    [because the Gabon government BLOCKED actively setting up an own school system]

Albert Schweitzer becomes honorary member of the Jesus Fantasy "Church of the Larger Fellowship"
which is connected to the Unitarian Jesus Fantasy Church of North "America" [web01]

Gabon: Inventory in the Lambarene Hospital
-- 1 Japanese doctor, a Hungarian doctor, a "US" doctor and two Swiss doctors [web01]
-- 12 qualified nurses (from NL, Alsace F, D, GB, Sweden, CH) [web01]
-- 40 healing assistants (laboratory assistants, nurses, auxiliary midwives) from Africa, trained in Lambarene [web01]

The autarky of Albert Schweitzer's hospital - the hospital village with independent agriculture
-- There is economic, administrative and technical independence, the hospital is an OWN VILLAGE with 70 corrugated iron wooden houses for a maximum of 470 inpatients [web01]
-- large vegetable garden and fruit plantations [web01]
-- 250 sheep and goats [web01]
-- carpentry, mechanic workshop, electrician workshop, laundry, kitchen, bakery [web01]

The first hospital is converted into a leprosy station + animal hospital
In the nearby Village de Lumière (Lambarene's first hospital) 70 leprosy patients can be cared now. 100 to 200 patients are treated on an outpatient basis every day. The patients come from villages within a radius of 600 kilometers. In the sense of Schweitzer's ethics of reverence for life, sick animals are also treated in twenty enclosures: dogs, sheep, goats, pelicans, antelopes and monkeys [web01].

Gabon: André Audoynaud is the medical director of the Hôpital Administratif in Lambarene

The documentary „Albert Schweitzer“ is showing the hospital with electricity generator and electric operation lamp
"A black doctor is preparing for an operation. At least in 1964 the operating room was equipped with a generator and electric operating lights." (Quote Wikipedia, translation) [web01]

Gabon: Schweitzer transfers the hospital management to Walter Munz
Albert Schweitzer transfers the medical management of the hospital in Gabon to the Swiss doctor Walter Munz (*1933), who worked in Lambarene until 1971, and then Mr. Munz was a member of the board of trustees for a long time [web01].

Sep.4, 1965
Death of Albert Schweitzer in Gabon, Africa, in Lambarene - long funerals
-- Daughter Rhena Schweitzer-Miller runs the foundation until 1970 [web01].
-- The Albert Schweitzer Society becomes the heir to the hospital (Association Internationale de l'oeuvre du Dr. Albert Schweitzer de Lambarene (AISL) and manages it from Europe until 1974. [web01]

[Albert Schweitzer is the most famous "doctor without borders"].

Günsbach (Gunsbach) near Colmar: Founding of the Albert Schweitzer Archive + Museum
The employee Alida Silver sets up the archive and the museum in Albert Schweitzer's house:
-- 10,000 letters from Albert Schweitzer [web01]
-- over 70,000 letters to Albert Schweitzer [web01]
-- Manuscripts of the published and unpublished books and Jesus fantasy sermons [web01]
-- everything is available on microfilm
-- collection of speeches and organ concerts or reports about the hospital in Lambarene in articles, slides, films, on audio and video cassettes, audio tapes, records [web01].

Excursions to Günsbach (Gunsbach) near Colmar

People coming to Günsbach near Colmar for visiting the Albert Schweitzer Museum have here the data about the museum:

"Day trips for individuals and groups
Expert tours through the museum and on the Albert Schweitzer Path (Albert-Schweitzer-Weg) will bring you closer to the personality of «Albert Schweitzer».
Opening times: Tuesday to Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Registrations under Tel. 0033 (0) 389 77 31 42 or via www.schweitzer.org (contact). " [web03]

In Günsbach you can also spend the night in the old Jesus-Fantasy parsonage, if you would like to, to come closer to the spirit of Alber Schweitzer [web03]:

Holidays in the home of Albert Schweitzer
Living in the “old rectory”, where Albert Schweitzer spent happy hours with his parents and family.
Authentically and comfortably furnished guest rooms. Prices: Double room minimum 65 ¤ including breakfast. [web03]

Food / coffee and cake
We would be happy to welcome you for lunch or dinner in our beautiful vaulted cellar. Groups of 6 or more can enjoy an Alsatian or African menu between ¤ 15 and ¤ 45.
Reservations under: Tel. +0033 (0) 389 77 08 78 or ancienpresbytere@schweitzer.org - www.schweitzer.org [web03]

Traveling exhibitions with Albert Schweitzer as a theme

Lectures and traveling exhibition on the subject of "Reverence for Life" ("Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben")
We are providing parishes, cultural organizations, schools and other interested partners with a 12-part traveling exhibition on the subject of “Reverence for Life”. Information on the contents of the individual subjects (80 × 200 cm) can be found at www.albert-schweitzer.ch/Dienstleistungen.
Borrowing is free. Transport is at the expense of the organizer.
Are you looking for speakers for lectures on Albert Schweitzer - Lambarene - "Reverence for Life"? We are happy to help.
Information: Fritz von Gunten, President SHV - Telephone 034 461 81 21 - praesident@albert-schweitzer.ch [web03]

The hospital in Gabon since Albert Schweitzer's death

from 1971 on
Gabon: Walter Munz is relinquishing the management of the hospital and continues to work on the hospital's board of trustees for a long time

The Albert Schweitzer Hospital  is transferred to its own foundation
The Albert Schweitzer Foundation AISL receives the intellectual work and the "philosophy of reverence for life" ("Philosophie der Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben") and takes care of the further distribution [web01].

from 1974 on
Gabon: Hospital village Lambarene is managed by an international foundation with a Gabon majority
The hospital village has been run since 1974 by an international foundation [46] in which the Gabonese have the majority and in which the most important supporting countries are represented.

Gabon: Reconstruction of the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambarene (fourth foundation of 4)
to adapt it to the needs of the patient and the medical development [web01].

Gabon: The hospital village in Lambarene
-- has over 1000 people [web01]
-- the main hospital has 226 beds [web01]

Main areas are
-- curative medicine (majority of employees from Gabon with international additions)
-- preventive medicine (the majority of the workforce from Gabon with international additions)
-- Training (majority of the workforce from Gabon with international additions)
-- medical research (majority of employees from Gabon with international additions) [web01]

André Audoynaud's false criticism of Albert Schweitzer at the "Lambarene" hospital in Gabon
The criticism was only published in 2005, when all the witnesses had died:
-- Mr. Audoynaud calls Albert Schweitzer a braggart and had exaggerated his "building performance" [web01]
-- Mr. Audoynaud is shouting that civilization came from the French colonial government and Albert Schweitzer only "harvested" [web01]
-- According to Audoynaud, Albert Schweitzer had received large donations, but the hospital had not been modernized or electrified, but the unsanitary and disease-promoting conditions had continued, with the reason "love for animals" [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer's hospital was overrun
-- Albert Schweitzer had to struggle with a famine AND a dysentery epidemic at the same time in 1925-1926
-- The only reproach Albert Schweitzer can be made is that he did not isolate the dysentery patients on a steamer on the river from 1924 onwards, but he probably didn't have the money to buy a steamer - and he could not reject patients either - that means: Albert Schweitzer should have sent a call for help to Europe, but the criminal-racist Jesus-Fantasy Church NEVER helped Albert Schweitzer (blacks were still locked up as half animals in zoos in Europe until 1945) !!!
-- In addition, the Jesus Fantasy Church in Europe did NOT donate ONE CENT to Albert Schweitzer's hospital, Schweitzer had to organize all the money ALONE]
-- According to Audoynaud, Schweitzer cured symptoms and simply transferred the European model of patient care [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer was NOT capable to develop a natural medicine with the jungle plants
-- Albert Schweitzer was always totally overburdened, because he also had to "play" construction manager, because he forgot to take two carpenters with him from Alsace - so he was dependent on black carpenters who he always had to monitor - so Albert Schweitzer lost a lot of time "playing" a site manager and sometimes barely had time to operate - and many blacks were stealing around in the hospital etc.]
-- Schweitzer cultivated a colonial management style, forced relatives of black patients to work for free and he was beating them [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer instructed the RELATIVES of the patients and the HEALED patients to pay something for a cure or to work in the hospital so that they not only consume for free, but at least contribute something for the food
-- the blacks were also STEALING a lot in the hospital, so it is really possible that Albert Schweitzer once hit such criminal blacks]
-- Mr. Schweitzer had always mentally remained in the 19th century and had "achieved little" in Africa despite high financial resources, but he had presented himself effectfully to the media [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer's hospital village was a self-sufficient organism at the end, UNIQUE in the whole world
-- Journalist André Audoynaud has NEVER studied medicine NOR gardening NOR agriculture and is therefore a very stupid person].

Nils Ole Oermann presents a biography about Albert Schweitzer
-- Albert Schweitzer is said to have been a "master of self-staging" [web01]
-- Albert Schweitzer achieved great things [web01]

[Well, the media decide who will be famous or be defamed and not the person who is presented!]

Sebastian Moll examines the autobiography of Albert Schweitzer
-- The Jesus fantasy theologian Sebastian Moll compares the work of Schweitzer with his own autobiography [web01]
-- Mr. Moll claims that Mr. Albert Schweitzer often supported his "positive staging of his own personality" with his autobiographical information [web01].

-- Albert Schweitzer had any right to present his work as every leader of a project has
-- criminal pedophile Church did NOT support Albert Schweitzer's hospital with ANY CENT nor a government so the reports were important
-- Mr. Moll has NOT studied medicine NOR sociology NOR agriculture [web05] and does not know ANYTHING about Albert Schweitzer's work which was prised after his death in 1965 for months].

Gabon: Lambarene hospital settlement gets a new maternity ward
Inauguration of a new maternity ward (Maternité), financed by the Swiss Aid Association [web01].


Dramatisations of Schweitzer's life include:

  • The 1952 biographical film Il est minuit, Docteur Schweitzer, with Pierre Fresnay as Schweitzer
  • The 1957 biographical film Albert Schweitzer in which Schweitzer appears as himself and Phillip Eckert portrays him
  • The 1962 TV remake of Il est minuit, Docteur Schweitzer, with Jean-Pierre Marielle as Schweitzer
  • The 1990 biographical film The Light in the Jungle, with Malcolm McDowell as Schweitzer
  • Two 1992 episodes of the television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles ("German East Africa, December 1916" and "Congo, January 1917"), with Friedrich von Thun as Schweitzer
  • The 1995 biographical film Le Grand blanc de Lambaréné, with André Wilms as Schweitzer
  • The 2006 TV biographical film Albert Schweitzer: Called to Africa, with Jeff McCarthy as Schweitzer
  • The 2009 biographical film Albert Schweitzer – Ein Leben für Afrika, with Jeroen Krabbé as Schweitzer [web01]

The aid association ("Hilfsverein")


President: Fritz von Gunten, Balmerstrasse 8, 3006 Bern
-- Dr. med. Jürg Bärtschi, Gutsch 23, 6319 Allenhaben
-- Franz Müller, Blümlisalpstrasse 6, 3600 Thun
-- Walter Schriber, Tannenbergstrasse 58, 8625 Gossau
-- Heinz Sommer, Künzistegstrasse 6, 3714 Frutigen
-- Christoph Wyss, Wellenacher 21c, 3800 Unterseen [web03 - p.31]

Swiss aid association for the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambarene
Walter Schriber - Dufourstrasse 48 / Postfach 269 - CH-8024 Zurich - Tel. +41 44 360 38 05 - sekretariat@albert-schweitzer.ch - www.albert-schweitzer.ch [web03 - p.31]

Albert Schweitzer House in Gunsbach (Alsace)

-- Pierre Bersier, Apotheke Belp, 3123 Belp
-- Dr. med. Dominic Bertschi, Bälliz 25, 3600 Thun
-- Bettina Breu, Etterlinhalde 3, 6004 Luzern
-- Dr. Christian Comina, chemin des Sources 9A, 2013 Colombier
-- Sarie Däppen, Eichwaldstr. 1, Postfach 3214, 6303 Zug
-- Monique Egli, Buchenstrasse 4, 4118 Rodersdorf
-- Dr. med. Silvia Ernst, Bordackerstrasse 26, 8610 Uster
-- Dr. med. Jürg Friedli, Koppigenstrasse 1, 3427 Utzensdorf
-- Dr. med. Eric Hüttner, Nordweg 8, 3013 Bern
-- Nils von Kaenel, rue de l’Hôpital 21b, 2024 St-Aubin-Sauges
-- Dr. med. Brigitta Krieger, Jurastrasse 33, 4912 Aarwangen
-- Raymond Lergier, Haldenweg 9, 3626 Hünibach
-- Dr. Dominik Lüdi, Lotzwilstrasse 62A, 4900 Langenthal
-- Dr. med. Hans-Peter Müller, Bahnhofstrasse 10, 3600 Thun [web03 - S.31]


«Albert Schweitzer's Lambarene - contemporary witnesses report» (original German: «Albert Schweitzers Lambarene – Zeitzeugen berichten»)
for the 100th anniversary of the Jungle Hospital 1913 - 2013
Dr. Walter and Jo Munz.
(316 pages, many photos, Fr. 30.– + delivery cost)
Order at: buecherversand@albert-schweitzer.ch - or book delivery: Albert-Schweitzer c/o Blaukreuz-Verlag Bern - Lindenrain 5a - 3012 Bern [web03]

Helene Schweitzer-Bresslau. Biography about the wife of Albert Schweitzer
232 pages, Fr. 26.50 - order to: - buecherversand@albert-schweitzer.ch - or book delivery: Albert-Schweitzer c/o Blaukreuz-Verlag Bern - Lindenrain 5a - 3012 Bern [web03]

Albert Schweitzer Foundation: contact address:
Fritz von Gunten - Balmerstrasse 8 - 3006 Bern - 034 461 81 21 - praesident@albert-schweitzer.ch [web03]

Book delivery: Albert-Schweitzer c/o Blaukreuz-Verlag Bern - Lindenrain 5a, 3012 Bern - telephone: 031 300 58 66 - buecherversand@albert-schweitzer.ch
www.blaukreuzverlag.ch [web03]

Visit the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambarene (Gabon): Just fly there in a group



In 2016, Travel office AEBI AG (in 3550 Langnau), in cooperation with the Swiss Aid Association went on a group tour to Lambarene with Dr. Daniel Stoffel as a tour guide. All tour participants who have taken part in the group tours that have been carried out so far were deeply impressed by the visit to the Albert Schweitzer Hospital (including operations, infrastructure and logistics) and the authentic Africa experience.

And this is how you can personally experience Albert Schweitzer's place of work:

May 26, 2016: Flight to Libreville
May 27, 2016: City tour in Libreville / then bus trip to Lambarene
May 28, 2016: Full day tour of the Dr. Albert Schweitzer Hospital
May 29, 2016: Specialized excursion in the Lambarene region
May 30, 2016: Tourist excursion in the Lambarene region
May 31, 2016: Tourist excursion in the Lambarene region
June 1st, 2016: Bus trip back to Lambarene
June 02, 2016: 2-day excursion to the Libreville coast
June 03, 2016: During the day, return to Libreville / return flight late in the evening
June 4th, 2016: Landing in Zurich or Basel at noon

Werner Aebi, owner of Travel Office AEBI AG - phone 034 409 9595 (www.aebi-travel.ch/Gruppenreisen) will be happy to provide further information about this group tour.
Werner Aebi has already been to Lambarene himself and can be sure to answer all your questions. The number of travel participants is limited to 12 (minimum participation 8 people). A quick, provisional registration is recommended. We wish many readers already today enriching moments in Lambarene.> [Web03 - p.26]

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[web01] https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Schweitzer
[web02] https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_Heuss
[web03] http://albert-schweitzer.ch/images/bilder/BerichteLambarene/berichte_lambarene_120.pdf
Video: Albert Schweitzer: My Life is My Argument (45'30'')
[web05] https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_Moll

Photo sources